Muflehun held the second event of its “Scholars on the Hill Series” for government, academia and think tanks. The speaker was renowned scholar Shaykh Abdallah bin Bayyah (bio) and translation provided by Shaykh Hamza Yusuf . The topic discussed was “Countering Radicalization and Violent Extremism from a Theological Perspective.”
Shaykh Abdallah bin Bayyah talked about the Mardin conference in 2010 that focused on understanding and addressing Ibn Tahmiya’s fatwa that has been extensively used to support violence. The new Mardin Declaration and the Shaykh’s research highlighted that:
- The categorization of countries into Dar al Islam and Dar al Harb is descriptive, and is not meant to be prescriptive
- The constructs of Dar al Islam/Dar al Harb/Dar al Sulh are not relevant in today’s context of nation states
- Various hate preachers and Al-Qaeda affiliates have quoted Ibn Tahmiya’s fatwa however they refer to an edition that has a typo such that their understanding of Ibn Tahmiya’s fatwa is flawed. Instead of “treating people” as per their own faith, they misread his work to read “kill people” of other faiths. When research was done on comparing the words of the fatwa across editions, it was discovered that older editions did not allow for killing, whereas a typo in an Egyptian edition that was less than 100 years old did so.
- Jihad is misunderstood by violent extremists who fail to understand the conditions of armed combat
The new Mardin Declaration is considered such a threat that it has been attacked three times already by various spokesmen for Al-Qaeda and its affiliates, including mentioning Shaykh Abdallah bin Bayyah by name. Copies can be downloaded from the Mardin Fatwa website.
* Muflehun does not endorse any school of thought or scholar, and the speaker’s opinions are entirely his own.